Risk Limiting Audit Confirms Runoff Results

July 1st, 2024

The Risk Limiting Audit (RLA) of the June 18th Congressional Runoffs for Districts 2 (Republican), 3 (Republican), and 14 (Democratic) has confirmed the outcomes of each of the contests.

Since Wednesday, all 54 Georgia counties in these Congressional Districts participated in an RLA of their respective contests. As part of the audit, 147 batches of ballots were audited. The RLA was conducted with a 5% risk limit.

Below is a comparison of the vote totals of each candidate for the batches that were audited.

There was no difference between the audit count and machine count for US House District 14 (Dem). There was only a difference of 1 for US House District 3 (Rep), which is well within the expected margin of error for an audit of this size and can be attributed to human error during the hand counting process. The difference of 19 in the US House District 2 (Rep) contest is because of one batch in one county that had a difference of 19. After investigation, the election superintendent in the county identified the issue as being from test ballots getting mixed in with voted ballots from the election. Properly marked test ballots are required to have an identifier, such as a watermark, that allow them to be distinguished from official voted ballots; however, these did not.

CLICK HERE for a report of audit summary data.

CLICK HERE for a zip file with ballot manifests and machine batch tallies. This includes batches in the 54 counties that conducted Congressional runoffs, including those batches that were audited. You can confirm that these were the same batch tallies that we started the audit with by performing a SHA256 hash of the file and matching it to the tweet from Gabriel Sterling (@GabrielSterling) from 05/26/2024 at 8:05PM Eastern Time. Please note that Upson County uploaded an incorrect ballot manifest and contest totals by batch files prior to the audit launch. As a result, the county audited all Advanced Voting and Absentee by Mail batches. To download the new Upson County ballot manifest and candidate totals by batch files, CLICK HERE.


Georgia is recognized as a national leader in elections. It was the first state in the country to implement the trifecta of automatic voter registration, at least 17 days of early voting (which has been called the “gold standard”), and no-excuse absentee voting. Georgia continues to set records for voter turnout and election participation, seeing the largest increase in average turnout of any other state in the 2018 midterm election and record turnout in 2020, and 2022. 2022 achieved the largest single day of in-person early voting turnout in Georgia midterm history utilizing Georgia’s secure, paper ballot voting system. Most recently, Georgia ranked #1 for Election Integrity by the Heritage Foundation, a top ranking for Voter Accessibility by the Center for Election Innovation & Research and tied for number one in Election Administration by the Bipartisan Policy Center.